Main menu / 2016, vol.1, no.1 / L.R. Gabdrafikova

Tatars’ moral conflicts at the turn of the twentieth century: religion and everyday life

L.R. Gabdrafikova

96-115 p.



This article examines the private religious practices of Muslim Tatars and changes in religious and other orientations among youth and their attitudes towards religious rituals. At the turn of the twentieth century, а new bourgeois morality appeared that emphasized the interests of the individual and ran contrary to religious conceptions of the world and social justice. The author studied Tatar literary texts, periodicals, archival documents. She demonstrates the search for spiritual ideals in Tatar Muslim society at the turn of the twentieth century.


Keywords: alcoholism, atheism, bourgeois society, Islam, Jadidism, Kadimism, mosque, Muslim pilgrimage (hajj), paganism, prayer (namaz), Ramadan, religious consciousness, suicide, Tatar mullahs, Tatar Muslims


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About the author: Liliya R. Gabdrafikova – Doctor of Sciences (History), Chief Research Fellow, Department of History and Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of Tatarstan, Sh.Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (Entrance 5, Kremlin, Kazan 420014, Russian Federation); bahetem@mail.ru