The role and place of mother tongues in the Russian education system
This article investigates the relationships between native languages and ethnic groups. It shows that there is a direct relationship between a nation and its native language. The interrelationship between promotion of human rights and the preservation of native languages is revealed. International documents concerning provisions for language rights are analyzed and Russia’s compliance with the international regulatory framework in this area is investigated. Normative Russian education documents, in contrast to the international documents, aim to restrict the conditions in which learning in the mother tongue and studying native languages can take place. The state of native languages and their place in the Russian system of education is shown. Proposals are made for the preservation of the peoples of Russia and their languages.
Keywords: educational competence in native languages, ethnic consciousness, federal educational standards, language rights, monitoring the creation of conditions for education in the native languages, mother tongue, people
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About the author: Marat V. Lotfullin is a Candidate of Science (Physics and Mathematics), Senior Research Fellow, the Center of History and Theory of National Education, Sh. Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (Entrance 5, Kremlin, Kazan 420014, Russian Federation); email@example.com