Main menu / 2018, vol.3, no.1 / L.R. Gabdrafikova

Image of an Official in a Cosmos of Tatars at the Cusp between 19th – 20th Centuries

L.R. Gabdrafikova

119-125 p.


DOI: 10.22378/he.2018-3-1.119-125


On the basis of folklore, archival and memoir sources, the author analyzes the day-to-day perception of officials within in the Tatar society in late 19th – early 20th centuries. The paper reveals information about the number of officials from the Tatars, the specifics of the Tatar nobility formation in different regions of the Russian Empire. Moreover, the article examines the visual appearance of Tatar clerical workers, and the nature of interaction between officials and Tatar merchants. Tatar folklore has an interesting image, which is called “kushtan,” a special social and psychological type, a person who is close to the circle of officials. A relationship of such informal manner between officials and ordinary people was common in the early 20th century, when the political police persecuted Tatar clergy pan-Islamists. The practice of denunciation created a myth about the pan-Islamic threat. According to the author’s opinion, the Muslim Tatars’ views on Tatar officials changed considerably during the 19th century passed through different stages. It is indicated that officials were not divided into “insiders” and “outsiders”; the society assessed moral qualities of a public authority representative, despite his ethnic or religious affiliation. The topic has been chosen due to the fact that the given problem is utterly unexplored in research so far.


Keywords: Tatar society, Muslims, Tatar nobles, officials, mullah, daily routine, folklore

For citation: : Gabdrafikova L.R. Image of an Official in a Cosmos of Tatars at the Cusp between 19th – 20th Centuries. Istoricheskaya etnologiya – Historical Ethnology, 2018, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 119–125. DOI: 10.22378/he.2018-3-1.119-125


REFERENCES

1. Ahunzjanov Je.M. Russkie zaimstvovanija v tatarskom jazyke [Russian Borrowings in the Tatar Language]. Thesis abstract. Alma-Ata, 1967. 58 p. (In Russian)
2. Istorija tatar s drevnejshih vremen [The History of Tatars since Ancient Times]. Ed. by R.S. Khakimov. Vol. 4. Kazan, 2013. 1171 p. (In Russian)
3. Kazanskoe dvorjanstvo 1785–1917 gg. Genealogicheskij slovar’ [The Kazan Nobility. 1785–1917. Genealogical Glossary]. Compl. by G.A. Dvoenosova. Kazan, Gasyr Publ., 2001. 640 p. (In Russian)
4. Mardzhani o tatarskoj jelite (1789–1889) [Mardzhani on the Tatar Elite (1789– 1889]. Compiled by A.N. Juzeev, I.F. Gimadeev. Moscow, Mardzhani Publ., 2009. 116 p. (In Russian)
5. Nacional’nyj arhiv Respubliki Tatarstan (NA RT) [National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan]. F. 420. Op. 1. D. 161. (In Russian)
6. Nedzhib. Probuzhdenie russkih tatar i ih literatura [The Awakening of the Russian Tatars and Their Literature]. Sovremennik, 1911, Vol. 4, pp.169–171. (In Russian)
7. Orenburgskie gubernskie vedomosti [Orenburg Provincial Lists]. 1864, 17 October. (In Russian)
8. Rittih A.F. Materialy dlja jetnografii Rossii. Kazanskaja gubernija [Materials for Ethnography of Russia. The Kazan Province]. Vol. 2. Kazan, Kazan University Publ., 1870. 227 p. (In Russian)
9. Salikhov R., Hajrutdinov R. “Vernopoddanicheskoju pravdoju podtverzhdaju…” (Ishmuhamet Dinmuhametov) [“I confirm verity loyalty to truth …” (Ishmukhamed Dinmukhametov)]. Gasyrlar avazy – Ekho vekov, 2004, no. 2, pp. 152– 155. (In Russian)
10. Semejnaja hronika Krestovnikovyh [The Family Chronicle of the Krestovnikovs]. Vol.1. Moscow, Levenson Publ., 1903. 112, XXVII p. (In Russian)
11.Tagirova L.F. Kantonnye nachal’niki Bashkirii: nacional’naja regional’naja jelita pervoj poloviny XIX veka [Canton Chiefs of Bashkiria: the National Regional Elite of the First Half of the 19th Century]. Ufa, 2012. 163 p. (In Russian)
12. Tatar halyk iğaty. Mäkal’lär һäm äjtemnär [Tatar Folk Art: Proverbs and Sayings]. Kazan, Tatar Book Publishing House, 1987. 592 p. (In Tatar)
13.Tatar halyk mäkal’läre : mäkal’lär ğyelmasy [Tatar Folk Proverbs: Collection of Proverbs]. In 3 Vol. Compl. by N.Isänbät. 2nd edition. Vol.3. Kazan, Tatar Book Publishing House, 2010. 798 p. (In Tatar)
14. Tatarcha-ruscha süzlek [Tatar-Russian Dictionary]. Vol.2. Kazan, Magarif Publ., 2007. 726 p. (In Tatar)
15. Turnerelli E. Kazan’ i ee zhiteli [Kazan and Its Residents]. Kazan, DOMO Globus Publ., 2005. 1184 p. (In Russian)
16. K. Kazanskie tatary v statisticheskom i jetnograficheskom otnoshenijah [Kazan Tatars in Regards of Statistics and Ethnography]. Kazan, TJaK Fund, 1991. 210 p. (In Russian)


About the author: Liliya R. Gabdrafikova is a Doctor of Science (History), Chief Research Fellow, Sh. Marjani Institute of History, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (7А, Baturin St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation); bahetem@mail.ru