The Department of Language Studies of the Research Institute of Linguistics, Literature and History: its scholarly endeavor in the period of Stalinism
This paper presents the scientific work of the Department of Language Studies of the Research Institute of Linguistics, Literature and History (IYALI) during the period of the tightening ideological control over the Soviet intelligentsia activities. The author considers the effect on the work of Kazan linguists of the well-known Resolution "On the status and measures for improving the social and political, ideological activities in the Tatar party organization" (1944). According to the archive materials, the impact of Marr's pseudoscientific theory on the development of linguistics in the Tatar Republic is reflected for the first time. The author notes that Kazan scholars repeatedly had to revise the finished works in the wake of yet another resolutions of the CPSU Central Committee, despite the fact that the ideological tilt could very quickly turn in the opposite direction. The frequent need for changing the results of academic research led to stagnation of research. This problem was also the reason for the lack of published works of the Department of Language Studies, which gave the impression that the research activities of Kazan scholars were lagging behind. In general, the author of the presented article proves that the work of the IYALI linguists corresponded to the general trends in the development of Soviet science and was subordinate to the political guidelines of the Communist Party.
Keywords: The Research Institute of Linguistics, Literature and History, Kazan Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Marrism, linguistics
For citation: Galimzyanova A.T. Sektor yazyka Tatarskogo nauchno-issledovatel'skogo instituta yazyka, literatury i istorii: nauchnaya deyatel'nost' v period stalinizma [The Department of Language Studies of the Research Institute of Linguistics, Literature and History: its scholarly endeavor in the period of Stalinism]. Istoricheskaya etnologiya, 2021, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 221–230. https://doi.org/10.22378/ he.2021-6-2.221-230
Gallyamova A.G., Kabirova A.Sh., Khanipova I.I. The Decree of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks in August 1944 and the Tatar Intelligentsia. Zolotoordynskoe obozrenie=Golden Horde Review, 2020, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 185–199. http://dx.doi.org/10.22378/2313-6197.2020-8-1.185-199 (In English)
About the author: Alina T. Galimzyanova, Cand. Sc. (History), Research Fellow of the Department of Contemporary History, Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (7A Baturin St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org
Received August 20, 2021 Accepted for publication November 22, 2021
Published Online November 29, 2021