Satyshev madrasah: teachers, graduates, history of religious buildings
The madrasah in the village of Satyshevo, Mamadyshsky district of Kazan province (modern Sabinsky district of the Republic of Tatarstan) was one of the oldest rural madrasas in the province. The activity of the Satyshevsky madrasah begins no later than the middle of the 18th century (after the 1750s). In the 19th – early 20th centuries it was one of the largest rural madrasas in Russia. At the beginning of the 19th century, the training center consisted of 3 wooden buildings, and by the beginning of the 20th century, a complex of mektebe and madrasah of 7 buildings was being created. At the beginning of the 20th century, a second parish was allocated in the village and another mosque was being built. The teachers and students of the madrasah were famous imams and recognized theologians in the Volga-Ural region. The madrasah in Satyshevo village had extensive educational ties with the Muslims of the main educational centers of Kazan, Orenburg, Troitsk, Bukhara and Dagestan. The founder of the madrasah should be considered Imam Abdurrashid bin Kadermukhammad. The next famous imam and mudarris was Ibrahim bin Jagfar as-Satyshi. After him, Mukmin ben Budach continued his spiritual path in Satyshevo. One of the famous imams and mudarris of the Satyshev madrasah was Yarulla bin Bikmukhammad (1794–1869). His son Mubaraksha continued his spiritual ministry at the Satyshevo Mosque. One of the students of Yarulla hazrat was Muhammad bin Ali (Mukhammet Mukhammetgaleev), his name is associated with the further development of teaching in the Satyshev madrasah. After his death in 1902, the position of the first imam passed to his son – Abdrakhman Mukhametov, and the second imam in the documents is indicated by the son of Mubaraksha hazrat – Gabdulla. The teaching program at the madrasah was old-fashioned, classical. It is known from the preserved description of the library of the madrasah that there were a large number of manuscripts and books published in Russia and Turkey.
Keywords: Satyshevo village, madrasas, mosques, madrasah library, mugallims and shakirds
For citation: Abdullin Kh.M. Satyshevskoe medrese: prepodavateli, vypuskniki, istoriya religioznykh zdaniy [Satyshev madrasah: teachers, graduates, history of religious buildings]. Istoricheskaya etnologiya, 2022, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35–53. https://doi.org/10.22378/he.2022-7-1.35-53 (In Russian)
Respublika Tatarstan: Pamjatniki istorii i kul’tury tatarskogo naroda (konec XVIII – nachalo XX vekov) [The Republic of Tatarstan: Monuments of history and culture of the Tatar people (late 19th – early 20th centuries)]. Kazan: Fest Publ., 1994. (In Russian)
About the author: Khalim M. Abdullin, Cand. Sc. (History), Senior Research Fellow of the Department of Modern History, Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (7A Baturin St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation); email@example.com
Received April 19, 2022 Accepted for publication June 14, 2022
Published Online July 19, 2022