October revolushion of 1917 and the Zaitovs merchant dynasty

A.M. Rafikov

282-292 p.



The article discusses the history of the Zaitovs Vyatka merchant dynasty. Using documents of the state and personal archives, the author reconstructs the genealogy of this family, beginning from the 17th century. A separate set of materials devoted to the analysis of entrepreneurial and social activities of the brothers Ahmad-Shakira and Shigabutdin Zaitovs, who were the most famous representatives of the family. Much attention is paid to the fate of some Zaitovs after the October revolution of 1917 and in the first decade of the Soviet government. Available materials suggest that the Zaitovs were one of the most significant Tatar merchants of the pre-revolutionary Vyatka Governorate. Their example clearly reflects the main trends in the internal life of Russia in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century: the death of class organisation, the evolution of the merchant class towards becoming the bourgeoisie, the beginning of the civil society formation. When the Bolsheviks came to power, those important processes had been interrupted.


Keywords: Vyatka Governorate, merchantry, the Zaitovs, trade and commerce activities, social activities, October revolution of 1917, dispossession


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About the author: Azat M. Rafikov is a Candidate of Science (History), Associate Professor, the Department of Russian History, Vyatka State University (50, Gertsen St., Kirov 610002, Russian Federation); rafazat@yandex.ru