Educational activity of Tatar intellectuals in Turkey in the first half of 20th century
Istanbul and Kazan in the early twentieth century were the learning centers of the Turkic world, the centers of the formation of ethnic, national and Turkic self-consciousness. There were close ideological and cultural ties between these cities, which were represented in the constant contacts of people and exchange of information through newspaper and magazine materials. It should be noted that the Tatar intellectuals who emigrated to Turkey had a great influence on the formation of the national self-image of the Turks, on their development as a nation, on shaping Turkey as a secular state. Some of them were even in the inner circle of Ataturk, the first president of the Turkish Republic, worked as his advisers on cultural and political issues. Their authority and influence were significant not only in the political and administrative life of the country, but also in research and education. As the Turkish Republic has been formed, construction of national educational schools begins, newspapers and magazines are published with the purpose to grow the national self-consciousness of the Turks. The report reveals the issue of the educational activities of Tatar intellectuals in Turkey in the first half of the 20th century.
Keywords: Turkey, tatar intellectuals, education, cultural ties.
For citation: Gaynanova M.R. Educational activity of Tatar intellectuals in Turkey in the first half of 20th century. Istoricheskaya etnologiya – Historical Ethnology, 2018, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 267–274. DOI: 10.22378/he.2018-3-2.267-274
- Akchura Yusuf. Yeni Türk Devletinin öncüleri – 1928 yılı yazıları [The pioneers of the new Turkish State – 1928 writings]. 2nd edition. Ankara, Ministry of Culture Publ., 2001. 260 p. (In Turkish)
- Battal–Taymas A. Iki Maksudiler [The Two Maksudis]. Istanbul, 1959. 71 p. (In Turkish)
- Gaynetdinov R.B. Tyurko-tatarskaya politicheskaya emigratsiya nachalo XX veka [The Turko-Tatar political emigration at the beginning of the 20th century – the 30s]. Naberezhnye Chelny, The Kamskiy Publ. House, 1997. 159 p. (In Russian)
- Galäü M. Bolganchık yıllar [Haze]. Kazan, Tatar Book Publ. House, 1976. 216 p. (In Tatar)
- Zhorzhon F. Tyurkskiye intelligenty Rossii v Ottomanskoy imperii i ikh vliyaniye v epokhu mladoturkov [Türkic intellectuals of Russia in the Ottoman Empire and their influence in the era of the Young Turks]. Islam in the Tatar World: History and Modernity: Materials of the International Symposium, Kazan, April 29 – May 1, 1996. Kazan, 1997, pp. 191–197. (In Russian)
- Iskhakov S.M. Yevropa i musul’mane iz Rossii: pervyy opyt sotrudnochestva v nachale XX veka [Europe and Muslims from Russia: the first experience of cooperation in the early 20th century]. Yevropa (Varshava) – Europe (Warsaw), 2003, no. 3, pp. 111–112. (In Russian)
- Karimi F. Istanbul mektupları [Istanbul Letters]. Orenburg, 1913. 414 p. (In Tatar)
- Natsionalniy arkhiv Respubliki Tatarstan (NA RT) [The National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan]. 2461. Op. 1. D. 44. (In Russian)
- Sibgatullina A.T. Kontakty tyurok-musul’man Rossiyskoy i Osmanskoy imperii na rubezhe XIX–XX vv. [Contact Turkic Muslims of the Russian and Ottoman empires at the turn of the 19th–20th centuries]. Moscow, Institute of Oriental Studies, 2010. 264 p. (In Russian)
- Khayrutdinov A. Musa Bigiev. Izbrannye trudy [Musa Bigiev. Selected works]. Vol. 1. Kazan, 2005. 336 p. (In Russian)
- Shenel Sh., Pulat Н. Akyiğitzade Musa Bey ve metin gazetesi [Musa Bey Akyegetzade and the newspaper Metin]. Tarih Okulu Dergisi – Journal of History School, 2018. Mart. No. XXXIII, pp. 567–588. (In Turkish)
About the author: Milyausha R. Gaynanova is a Candidate of Science (History), Senior Research Fellow, Sh. Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (7А, Baturin St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation); email@example.com