Tatar mullahs sent to the steppe “for clarification, disclosure and implementation of the rules”
The article presents materials on the intermediary role of Tatar mullahs in the process of implementing administrative reforms in the 20–30s of 19th century on the territory of the Middle and Junior zhuzes. The Tatar mullahs, both with the diwan [okruzhnoy prikaz], the volost sultans of the Siberian Kazakh region and with the three parts (Western, Middle, Eastern) of the Orenburg Kazakh region, were engaged not only in explaining the rules of the imperial laws in the Kazakh Steppe. In fact, the range of their activities was wide: taking the oath of senior sultans and sultan rulers, organizing paperwork, teaching Kazakh children Tatar literacy, collecting information about inner political events in Kazakh nomads for the regional administration and St. Petersburg, tracking the mood of the Kazakh population and the behavior of the Kazakh nomadic elite representatives.
Keywords: Tatar mullahs, Kazak steppe, administrative reforms, Kazakh sultans
For citation: Sultangalieva G.S. Tatarskie mully, komandirovannye v step' “…dlya raz"yasneniya, obnarodovaniya i vnusheniya pravil” [Tatar mullahs sent to the steppe “for clarification, disclosure and implementation of the rules”]. Istoricheskaya etnologiya, 2020, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 481–496. https://doi.org/10.22378/he.2020-5-3.481-496
Frank A. Tatarskiye mully sredi kazakhov i kirgizov v XVIII–XIX vv. [Tatar Mullahs among Kazakhs and the Kirghiz in the 18th–19th Centuries]. Kul’tura, iskusstvo tatarskogo naroda. Kazan, 1993, pp. 125–131. (In Russian)
About the author: Gulmira S. Sultangaliyeva is Doctor Sc. (History), Professor, Head of the Department of World History, Historiography and Source Studies, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (71 Al-Farabi St., Almaty 050640, Republic of Kazakhstan); firstname.lastname@example.org
Received January 23, 2020 Accepted for publication October 27, 2020
Published Online November 28, 2020