Gathering in the nutrition system of rural Russian population of the South of Western Siberia: adaptation everyday practices as a factor of winning the Great Patriotic War
The article assesses the significance of foraging in life sustaining of rural Russian population in the war rear areas during the years of the Great Patriotic War. It is proved that a family’s domestic resources in the periods of adversity were presented by practices alternative to the homestead property, which were assuming by their nature for being based on natural resources of the vicinity. In everyday nutrition system it manifested itself in the changes of nutrition patterns accompanied by its restructuring consisting in replacement of the basic ingredients of traditional cuisine by the secondary ones, including introduction of eatable wild harvest and berries instead of national crops. The author analyzes the reasons and mechanisms, describes season procedures of gathering, the types of wild harvest and berries, their natural geographical conditioning, the ways of introducing them into the nutrition system, and methods of harvesting for preservation. The conclusion is made about the effectiveness of using oral history methods in studying under-investigated scientific issues of the Great Patriotic war related to the anthropological content on the basis of social memory.
Keywords: rear area, rural Russian population, foraging, nutrition, oral history, social memory
For citation: Shcheglova T.K. Sobiratel'stvo v sisteme pitaniya sel'skogo russkogo naseleniya yuga Zapadnoy Sibiri: adaptatsionnye povsednevnye praktiki kak faktor pobedy v Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyne [Gathering in the nutrition system of rural Russian population of the South of Western Siberia: adaptation everyday practices as a factor of winning the Great Patriotic War]. Istoricheskaya etnologiya, 2021, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 65–81. https://doi.org/10.22378/he.2021-6-1.65-81
Assman A. Dlinnaya ten’ proshlogo. Memorial’naya kul’tura i istoricheskaya politika [Long Shadow of the Past. Memorial Culture and Historical Politics]. Moscow: Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie Publ., 2014. (In Russian)
About the author: Tatiana K. Shcheglova, Doctor Sc. (History), Professor, Head of the Department of National History, Altai State Pedagogical University (55 Molodezhnaya St., Barnaul 656031, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org
Received February 11, 2021 Accepted for publication March 22, 2021
Published Online April 21, 2021