Maryam Bubi: the forgotten hero of the Bubi dynasty
The article is devoted to Maryam Bubi, a representative of the famous Bubi dynasty – enlighteners and outstanding figures of Tatar education. Her name has remained unknown until now. In the period from 1917–1920, Maryam Bubi was a participant of the Tatar Soviet nation-building in inner Russia, and then took a direct part in the national liberation movement of the peoples of Turkestan against the Bolshevik occupation. Together with her husband Ali Ryza, she fought in the ranks of Enver Pasha’s army. The article attempts to reconstruct the main stages of Maryam Bubi’s life path. The biographical material concerning the life of M. Nigmatullina was collected during the study of little-known and unknown sources and facts to Tatar historical science, introduced into scientific circulation for the first time.
Keywords: Meryem Atmaja, Maryam Nigmatullina, dynasty of Tatar enlighteners Bubi, Bukhara People’s Soviet Republic, Turkesrtan, Tatar emigration, Ali Ryza, Enver Pasha, Molla Nafiz, Zaki Walidi Togan
For citation: Khairutdinov A.G. Mär’yam khanym: Bubilar näseleneŋ onytylgan kaһarmany [Maryam Bubi: the forgotten hero of the Bubi dynasty]. Istoricheskaya etnologiya, 2022, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 77–99. https://doi.org/10.22378/he.2022-7-1.77-99 (In Tatar)
Abdullaev K. Ot Sin’tszyana do Khorasana. Iz istorii sredneaziatskoy emigratsii XX veka [From Xinjiang to Khorasan. From the History of Central Asian Emigration of the Twentieth Century]. Dushanbe, Irfon Publ., 2009. (In Russian)
About the author: Aidar G. Khairutdinov, Cand. Sc. (Philosophy), Senior Research Fellow of the Department of History of Religions and Social Thought, Marjani Institute of History of the Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (7A Baturin St., Kazan 420111, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org
Received March 18, 2022 Accepted for publication April 22, 2022
Published Online July 19, 2022